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F HNE were similar in the HFD+VEH and HFD+NDEA groups, and both were significantly higher than in the LFD+VEH and LFD +NDEA groups (P
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Ingomyelin phosphodiesterase; SPTLC: Serine palmitoyltransferase; STZ: Streptozotocin; T2DM: Type 2 diabetes mellitus; TBS: Tris buffered saline; UGCG: UDP-glucose ceramide glycoysltransferase. Acknowledgements Supported by AA-11431, AA-12908, and K24-AA-16126 from the National Institutes of Health. Author details 1 Department of Pathology (Neuropathology), Rhode Island Hospital, 593 Eddy Street,
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Ation with impairments in insulin/IGF signaling mechanisms, and deficits in cholinergic and neuronal cytoskeletal gene and protein expression in brain, whereas chronic HFD feeding alone produces more restrictive deficits in insulin/IGF signaling mechanisms with reduced ChAT expression and increased oxidative stress. The combined exposures caused overlapping structural and molecular abnormalities t
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N in ways that could cause insulin/IGF resistance in the brain, their specific effects were not identical. The main effect of NDEA, with or without HFD feeding, was to reduce mRNA levels of insulin receptor, IGF-2 receptor, and IRS-2, which would have impaired signaling at the receptor level, and downstream through IRS-2, one of main docking proteins responsible for transmitting survival, growth,
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Cells of the rat pancreas. Physiol Res 2001, 50(6):537-546. Doi K: [Studies on the mechanism of the diabetogenic activity of streptozotocin and on the ability of compounds to block the diabetogenic activity of streptozotocin (author's transl)]. Nippon Naibunpi Gakkai Zasshi 1975, 51(3):129-147. Iwai S, Murai T, Makino S, Min W, Morimura K, Mori S, Hagihara A, Seki S, Fukushima S: High sensitivity
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Ation with impairments in insulin/IGF signaling mechanisms, and deficits in cholinergic and neuronal cytoskeletal gene and protein expression in brain, whereas chronic HFD feeding alone produces more restrictive deficits in insulin/IGF signaling mechanisms with reduced ChAT expression and increased oxidative stress. The combined exposures caused overlapping structural and molecular abnormalities t
1
Cells of the rat pancreas. Physiol Res 2001, 50(6):537-546. Doi K: [Studies on the mechanism of the diabetogenic activity of streptozotocin and on the ability of compounds to block the diabetogenic activity of streptozotocin (author's transl)]. Nippon Naibunpi Gakkai Zasshi 1975, 51(3):129-147. Iwai S, Murai T, Makino S, Min W, Morimura K, Mori S, Hagihara A, Seki S, Fukushima S: High sensitivity
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We measured gene expression corresponding to insulin and IGF polypeptides and receptors, and insulin receptor substrates (IRSs) that transmit signals required for growth, survival, energy metabolism, and neuronalELISAs were used to measure sustained effects of NDEA treatment and/or chronic HFD feeding on Tau, phospho-Tau, AbPP, AbPP-Ab, ChAT, and AChE levels in brain tissue. Early limited exposure

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